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“阅读五 步曲”(Five-step Reading)

作者:许富华 来源:未知 更新日期:2011-12-29 浏览次数:

 

Designer:Xu Fuhua

Chengwu No.2 Middle School

例文:

题材

词数

建议时间

饮食问题

300

6分钟

Recently some American scientists have given a useful sincere piece of advice to people in industrialized nations that they would be much healthier if they ate more of the same kind of food eaten by humans living more than 10,000 years ago.

The scientists say that the human body has changed greatly. Our bodies have not been able to deal with these changes in lifestyle and this has led to new kinds of sickness. These new sickness were not known

in ancient times. So they are called “diseases of civilization”. Many cancers and diseases of the blood system, including heart attacks and stroke are examples of such diseases.

Scientists noted that people in both the Old Stone Age and the New Stone Age enjoyed very little alcohol or tobacco, probably none. Ancient people also got a great deal of physical exercise, but a change in food is one of the main differences between life in ancient times and that of today.

Stone-age people hunted wild animals for their meat, which had much less fat than domestic or tame ones. They also ate a lot of fresh wild vegetables and fruits. They did not have milk or any other dairy products, and they made very little use of grains. But today, we eat a large amount of these. We eat six times more salt than our remote ancestors. We eat more sugar. We eat twice as much fat but only one third as much protein and much less vitamin(维生素)C.

People today probably do not want to live the way people thousands of years ago did, but scientists say that we would be much healthier if we ate much the same way our remote ancestors did, cutting the amount of fatty, salty and sweet food.

(1) New kinds of sickness have been found because____.

A. the human body has changed compared with(同…比较)humans who first appeared on the earth

B. the way we live has changed a little

C. our body can’t deal with the changes in lifestyle

D. the way we live today is proper for the human body

(2) What is the main cause that people suffer from a lot of new sickness?

A. Ancient people did a great deal of physical exercise.

B. People today have a lot of alcohol.

C. People today have more tobacco.

D. Food today is quite different from that of ancient times.

(3) The underlined words” dairy products” means____.

A.乳制品 B.食品

C.肉制品 D.粮食制品

阅读技巧口诀(熟背)

阅读理解,技巧很多

先题后文,文题交错

阅读题干,标出关键

文题呈现,同步一般

标出出处,偏差可免

主旨大意,求助首尾

主旨选中,反推验证

明显不对,尽早划去

陈述绝对,一般有事

A、 B难取,求助主题

无论难易,不离不弃

各题一串,中心自现

时间不济,匆览话题

每段开头,串在一起

未读先选,常识助你

机智沉稳,力争一分!

操作步骤(Teaching Procedures)

第一步(Step Ⅰ):应试阅读(Task—based reading)

1、 Read the passage quickly to finish the following three questions only.<M:6>

(慢慢灌输阅读技巧)

2、 Check the answers.(1C 2D 3A )

要求:学生说答案并指出出处,老师引导学生简单分析,统一认识,做错的自己用红色笔标出。

 

 

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